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Security

The driver currently supports authentication (using plain text or a custom authenticator) and SSL (via OpenSSL).

Authentication

Plain text

Credentials are provided using the cass_cluster_set_credentials() function.

CassCluster* cluster = cass_cluster_new();

const char* username = "cassandra";
const char* password = "cassandra";

cass_cluster_set_credentials(cluster, username, password);

/* Connect session object */

cass_cluster_free(cluster);

Important: The credentials are sent in plain text to the server. For this reason, it is highly recommended that this be used in conjunction with client-to-node encryption (SSL), or in a trusted network environment.

Custom

A custom authentication implementation can be set using cass_cluster_set_authenticator_callbacks(). This is useful for integrating with more complex authentication systems such as Kerberos.

typedef struct Credentials_ {
  const char* password;
  const char* username;
} Credentials;

void on_auth_initial(CassAuthenticator* auth, void* data) {
  /*
   * This callback is used to initiate a request to begin an authentication
   * exchange. Required resources can be acquired and initialized here.
   *
   * Resources required for this specific exchange can be stored in the
   * auth->data field and will be available in the subsequent challenge
   * and success phases of the exchange. The cleanup callback should be used to
   * free these resources.
   */

  /*
   * The data parameter contains the credentials passed in when the
   * authentication callbacks were set and is available to all
   * authentication exchanges.
   */
  const Credentials* credentials = (const Credentials *)data;

  size_t username_size = strlen(credentials->username);
  size_t password_size = strlen(credentials->password);
  size_t size = username_size + password_size + 2;

  /* Allocate a response token */
  char* response = cass_authenticator_response(auth, size);

  /* Credentials are prefixed with '\0' */
  response[0] = '\0';
  memcpy(response + 1, credentials->username, username_size);

  response[username_size + 1] = '\0';
  memcpy(response + username_size + 2, credentials->password, password_size);
}

void on_auth_challenge(CassAuthenticator* auth, void* data,
                       const char* token, size_t token_size) {
  /*
   * This is used for handling an authentication challenge initiated
   * by the server. The information contained in the token parameter is
   * authentication protocol specific. It may be NULL or empty.
   */
}

void on_auth_success(CassAuthenticator* auth, void* data,
                     const char* token, size_t token_size) {
  /*
   * This is to be used for handling the success phase of an exchange. The
   * token parameters contains information that may be used to finialize
   * the request. The information contained in the token parameter is
   * authentication protocol specific. It may be NULL or empty.
   */
}

void on_auth_cleanup(CassAuthenticator* auth, void* data) {
  /*
   * This is used to cleanup resources acquired during the authentication
   * exchange.
   */
}

int main() {
  CassCluster* cluster = cass_cluster_new();

  /* ... */

  /* Setup authentication callbacks and credentials */
  CassAuthenticatorCallbacks auth_callbacks = {
    on_auth_initial,
    on_auth_challenge,
    on_auth_success,
    on_auth_cleanup
  };

  /*
   * The `credentials` argument passed into `cass_cluster_set_auth_callbacks()`
   * is passed as the `data` parameter into the authentication callbacks.
   * Callbacks will be called by multiple threads concurrently so it is important
   * makes sure this data is either immutable or its access is serialized. The
   * `data` parameter can be cleaned up be passing a `CassAuthenticatorDataCleanupCallback`
   * to `cass_cluster_set_authenticator_callbacks()`.
   */
  Credentials credentials = {
    "cassandra",
    "cassandra"
  };

  /* Set custom authentication callbacks and credentials */
  cass_cluster_set_authenticator_callbacks(cluster,
                                           &auth_callbacks,
                                           NULL, /* No cleanup callback required */
                                           &credentials);

  /* ... */

  cass_cluster_free(cluster);
}